北京中学2018世界大课堂美国行--高科技高中研学(三)
来源:本网 时间:2018-03-10 23:00


圣地亚哥的一月不同于北京的阴冷干燥,充满着晴朗温热的气息。在这样的温暖环境中,在高科技高中的开放气氛里,北京中学的学生开始了校内学习体验的时光,更与寄宿家庭一起享受“和而不同”文化魅力,在每天的学习生活中探索文化的差异。在学习交流的过程中,学生们深刻的感受到了“不同”二字在中美文化各个方面的体现,北中学子在“不同”中寻找自己的位置与目标,在“不同”中进行对比深究,在“不同”中产生观点寻找证据与内涵,在“不同”中碰撞出更加绚丽的色彩。

夷行小结

记中美文化间的差异

张栩萌

枫林新叶催陈叶雏凤清于老风声。”在新的环境中生活了一段时间的我们仿佛渐渐找到了方向步入正轨但是却又在稳步进行中进度表也在默默地推进着最终有一天是要到达终点的

中西方的诗都是一个民族文化的结晶和最高体现但是却迥然不同一个奔放似火一个温婉如水生活和思维方式亦是如此在这里我体会到了点并渐渐地感受这这个过程通过这篇文字来呈现

从系统性极强的学校到自由的课堂是一种什么样的体验适应能力的提升和对教育的进一步思考众所周知中国人的数学计算能力是远高于美国的但是我们却发现几乎现代所有在数学上的更深一层造诣都是西方国家在一步步推进的这是为什么在上课的时候我们的数学老师让我们用谷歌搜索有关于数学的关键词并进行对这个定义的自学研究周期为一周老师会给予你提示但是更多的是要自己寻求规律探索和发现最终得出的结论你可以对网络上的概念提出质疑但是你要思考到解决的方式这就是美国人的批判性思维凡事都要问出个所以然才能罢休不像老老实实的中国人给你什么就要什么老师说的也确实是对的中国人这样灌输知识的过程学习效率会提高但是免不了好奇心的缺失而美国恰恰相反也算是各有利弊了

人与人的交往也极其重要美国人生来仿佛就是性格开朗即使有性格内向些文静点的孩子也从来不会不吱一声仿佛多么的孤高自负他们总是喜欢静悄悄地站在你旁边说话的声音不大也不小正和好当眼神对视的时候也不会低下头感到害羞反而会露出一个甜甜的笑中国人更加内敛而细心总是怕自己有着这样的那样的闪失而失礼而美国人却怕这样显得自己怠慢了对方而失礼总归都是为了别人着想美国人也喜欢问候不管是进入停车场收停车费的大婶还是路上目光偶然对视的陌生人她们总是报以微笑问一声过得怎样或是轻声说一句祝你这一天过得美好聊上两句虽然废了点口舌但是换来的是更好的心情这点在中国是几乎不会有的也是文化积淀的差异所致也是我们几乎无法改变的

如果将文化底蕴比作花那么美国必定是一束火红而炽烈的康乃馨从来收敛不起却不失端庄相比之下中国的文化便是一朵山茶清香淡雅妙在收心养性追求脱俗意境也是一朵瑰宝这便是我此行的收获

My experiences and observations of Americaneducation

宋梓睿

Many parents and scholars always argue that students in Chinese collegestend to relax themselves during the college time while students in Americancolleges tend to study even harder. But why? Through these days in an Americanhigh school, I hardly feel the atmosphere that my parents described about theAmerican universities. Every student here can get a specific study schedule atthe beginning of every new semester, which can help them better schedule theirpieces of time.

As this school is not as same as atraditional one, I can feel myself fully immersed into its innovativeenvironment instead. Our very first class successfully combined the cookingwith Spanish, we worked in a group, did a five-dollar challenge, designed ourown recipe, and used Spanish to make a short presentation. I found that aftereach project or activity, students all needed to make a reflection orconclusion, which eventually formed an integrated project. The teachers heretend to establish close relationship with their students, they are more likefriends from my point of view. And they tend to assign group or long-termprojects and lead the students to deal with them step by step. That is reallyhelpful, but is a slow process. These projects, really develop the students’teamwork ability, flexibility when dealing with the problems, also thepresentation and communication skills.

Comparing the American education withChinese education, I believe I more prefer and fit the Chinese one. ThoughAmerican students live a more relaxing and comfortable life than Chinesestudents, they are treating themselves in a lax way, from my perspective. Andin this situation, the one who refuses to study

Our host sister spends her time effectivelyin the rehearsal and concert!! more at home hardly gets good scores and apromising future. But actually there still exist some hard-working students whowork out their free time adequately and effectively.

Well, Chinese students always havequantities of homework to deal with every day. Some argue that it is of greatpressure to deal with such great amount of work, but actually it should beconsidered as a useful and effective tool for those students with lowerself-discipline to improve themselves. And it is practical, indeed. American schoolsprefer to give students plenty of time to deal with their work in class, thus,eliminated their everyday knowledge absorbing but providing students with morespace and time to develop themselves on their own to great extent. It is wellknown that American education always weighs more on the concepts rather thanthe practical usages. Therefore, they don’t grind the problems as deep as theChinese do, even though both American and Chinese students claim that they areall ‘not stop grinding’, but definitely toward different extent. In a nutshell,Chinese education is of more practical usages, like exams, but Americaneducation consists of individual development. And this, is greatly related tothe social atmosphere and culture, which need us to spend more time to furtherdigging and grinding.

我与寄宿家庭生活

李欣桐

时间飞逝我们已与我们的寄宿家庭度过了三周的时光这几周以来我们与这个永远充满快乐的家庭朝夕相处在享受快乐的同时我也深深体会到了两个家庭之间存在的差异

其实像这样的寄宿家庭我之前有过一次短暂的体验但当时的情况是别人来我家进行仅仅五天的寄宿并且当时年龄还小比较认生最后没和人家说过几句话就离开了除此之外从一个三个人的小家庭一下子变成十人的大家庭也绝对是我人生头一次是一次十分特别的体验和许多独生子女一样在我的家中我享受到是大把的私人的空间平平淡淡中也有一丝丝的冷清把自己的房门一关几个小时可能都不会有人进来但在这里不同在这里即使你关上房门等待你的也绝对是无数声的"may I come in ?"和一个个向你偷笑的小脑袋伸进你的房间中热闹非凡在这个家庭里最重要的一课也是这个家庭所贯穿始终的家庭文化就是分担在这个家里人人都有职务大哥Regan负责家中的各种家务姐姐Skye负责照顾家中最小的妹妹,Alisa负责每天早上叫所有孩子起床,Aiva负责整理所有的玩具在我的家里只要不是周六日的时间里我都是个甩手掌柜基本上所有事都不需要我去接手操心不论什么事爸爸妈妈都会为我细心地解决慢慢的我也养成了发生事情先抛给父母的习惯在我的寄宿家庭中除非孩子们犯了大错或者有求于父母他们不管遇到了什么事都会先自己想办法解决在处理家庭中的大小事件时也会发表自己的想法在这种教育方式下孩子们更加独立有想法也比同龄人更有责任心这些都让我有些自愧不如因为在他们这个年龄时我做的远远不如他们我想学会分担将会成为我这次美国之行很大的一个收获

在我的寄宿家庭生活中我另一大收获就是耐心与包容在走之前我就已经知道我们两个家庭因为文化与人数的不同生活方式也必定相差甚远有了一个初步的心理准备作为家中的唯一的孩子我从没有过被弟弟妹妹纠缠的经历在这里不知道什么时候就有别的妹妹跑来说想和你拼拼图一拼可能就有十几遍随时可能有孩子在你正在认真做某件事时抱过来抓住你的手机转身就跑一关电视就又哭又闹的孩子在你的床下大发脾气……有时你会觉得很气愤但面对稍稍有些生气就排着队一个个和你拥抱的小孩子们再大的气也消失的无影无踪了面对这些可爱的小朋友你很难真正生气起来都说退一步海阔天空有时与其在各种细节上处处计较用别人的不足来惩罚自己不如向后退一步学会设身处地的为他人着想会。“和而不同乐在其中。”学校一直在教导我们要学会与他人相处我想只片面的理解接受他人与你存在的不同之处但不学会很好的包容对方学会耐心是很难在与他人相处时真正的乐在其中的

分享与承担耐心与包容在这次的学习中我不仅在学校学习到了新的知识更是在家庭中学会了与人相处的方式与道理感受到了家庭之间存在的不同之处但我感受到的还有一点那就是不论我们的文化与家庭有多大的差异家中所充斥的爱是永远都不会改变的


The cultural differences between China andAmerica

李文瑄

I have been in San Diego for over two weeks,and I really enjoyed it a lot, so I’d like to talk a little bit about thecultural differences between China and America.

First of all, about the class we had take, inChina, we have a lot of classes going on every day, and we have a lot ofsubjects. Every subject is quite difficult, so we need to calculate a lot. Butin America, we only have three courses each day, and the class schedule isbasically the same, but the classes in America are more open-minded and wide, Ihave a lot of deep thinking during American classes, I really like it a lot.

For example, in chemistry classes I havetaken, we have learned about the atom scale model and size of atom. In china,we do not demonstrated it a lot but we do a lot of difficult calculatingpractices, so that we can be more familiar with the theory. However, inAmerica, we discuss about it, each of us brings out our own thoughts, and thenwe prove it, and finally when we finish figuring out the math, we go outside toreally practice it, it’s way more fun than using the examination paper. Andalso I learned a lot of vocabularies, like proton, neuron, electron and so on,I really developed my English skill in this atmosphere.

These two ways to learn are very different,which is fairly distinct because of the cultural differences. In china, we liketo do exclusive math, but in America, we tend to spend more time in sharingthoughts. If I could choose, I will choose the American way, because it canbring us more creative thoughts and we can really improve ourselves throughdiscussion

That’smy point of view about cultural differences in daily classes.

自主学习与生活

 李思让

HTH的学习生活中这里的一切都散发着美式教育的独特魅力在这几天的体验中我更是从课上的学习中理解到了美式教育在学习的自主性方面散发的魅力在这里学生和老师们深知一个道理--学习是学生自己的事情

在今天的第一节课上老师在上课三十分钟后还没有到达教室这属于严重的教学事故而在美国有着严格的规定在上课十五分钟后若老师没有到达教室学生可以选择走出教室做自己的事情可令我惊讶的是三十分钟后教室中所有人都坐在自己的位置上没有人提出离开教室的想法每个人都在做着自己的事情完成数学作业练习更多的习题找其他同学答疑这些做法无一不体现出了他们的自主与学校教育的成功虽然知道课堂的最后老师还是没有来上课只有门外的主任在看管着班级可学生们都在座位上坐着自己的事情并没有在没有老师的情况下放松对自己的要求这便是学习的自主性学习是学生的责任也是学生自己的事情师者只需传道授业解惑更多的事情需要学生自己的去探索

在人文课上老师由于生病不想传染给学生这节课由两位同学临时负责在下发任务后每个人有序的找到自己的文件夹与电脑找到自己应该完成的任务开始自主学习有些同学在读书有些同学在网上查阅有关的资料教室里井然有序十分和谐高中生应该去对于自己的行为与学习负责他们对于自己的严格会渗透到学校的校园文化中这所高中向外体现出的不仅仅是开放与包容多彩与自由更有着自主学习的文化与学生的素质

自主学习是一种能力更是一种品质在美式教育中这更是一种前提教育应该因人而异而自主学习的一大好处便是根据自己的情况合理安排学习精力与时间最大限度的使用资源提升自己的效率在美式教育中我看到了学校与家长对于学生的信任与尊重而大多数学生都可以很好的运用这份自由达到学习的目的可有一部分学生却无法管理好自己的行为与时间浪费了身边的资源误解了老师与学校的良苦用心如果这部分同学如此下去学习将会成为负担对于考试和知识的敏感度会越来越低所以在这所学校中的自由与自主并非独立存在伴随的应该有责任与自制在把握好二者平衡的情况下合理自主学习而在中式教育中虽然缺少一些自主的空间但是这样的方式合理的避免了小部分群体跟不上脚步的情况让知识一遍遍的重复将基础一遍遍巩固在北京中学同样有着自修与自主学习有了相对成熟的体系并运用在日常学习中代表着中式教育跨出的一大步自主学习的方式已经开始逐渐渗透到中式教育中许多的学校也意识到了培养自主学习能力的必要性开始给予学生机会与空间但这样的体系还需时间与实践来步入成熟的状态

学习是学生自己的事情而自主学习应该渗透到日常的学习生活中人生中只有在学校的这段时间里可以不被任何事情打扰专心于自己的学习中而在这段时间里更是锻炼学习技巧的最好时候教育的体系会伴随着无数的实验与时间的推移逐步变得完整合理自主学习与责任的培养一定会逐步成为教育体系中重要的部分之一

感受别样的学习方式 

姚一

我是第一次来到美国因未来也有想要来美国读书的愿望所以对于我来说此次行程的主要目的是想尽可能多的了解美国的中学学习方式以及美国的文化北京中学在探索个性化学习联系性学习与体验性学习等学习方式的办学理念下精心设计和组织了此次的美国游学活动使我在近一个月的学习和生活中对美国高中生的学习方式有了初步的接触我很想通过两个学习的案例谈谈我的经历和感受并愿意和大家分享

我们的学习生活是很有趣的在这里课堂的风格与中国是不一样的例如数学课老师通常只讲一些简单的小例子或者大家常犯的错误随后便发给大家一张工作纸让学生自己讨论与研究当时他们在学有理数与无理数但这对中国学生来说是非常简单的所以每节课我很快可以完成任务并向老师询问了一些关于SAT2的问题对此的收获也很大我了解了一些美国的思考方式对虚数有了很好的掌握在他们学习了有理数与无理数之后老师也给学生布置了一项很有挑战的任务——证明正十二面体的体积公式作为一个很喜欢挑战的人当然要来尝试解决这个问题但最初我误以为正十二面体就是十二棱柱当我正享受在解决问题的过程中的时候老师告诉我我证错了.....经过我与老师的讨论与自己的思考我发现十二面体可以说是由12个五棱锥组成对于求五边形的体积是很简单但是要求面到中心的距离就有些困难了经过反复观察与思考我发现可以用二面角来求出其余弦值再用半角公式就可以求出了这些知识大概是我们上学期学到的了同时也用了一些这两天在美国解决过的问题例如“sin,cos,cos,sin”。通过这一段时间的数学课我发现美国老师很喜欢问学生问题安排讨论近距离的对话先让学生自己给出问题的答案然后再加入补充说明最后总结而对于问题的设定老师总是把难度一一递增让同学一关一关攻破他们不注重解题而注重思维只要有一个很有逻辑的思维在未来的工作与生活中就可以解决难题他们的课题比较开放与自由

第二个案例是最让我感兴趣的人文课他们本学期的课程内容大概是了解与设计城市中的基础设施与商铺为了让学生对此进行学习并且可以在未来的生活中应用到他们做了一个项目就是在谷歌地图上进行标注最终的目标就是通过谷歌官方的认可也便利社会因此我们便有了许多的field trip,第一次我们去了离学校很近的地方我们对一些椅子植物照明灯篮球场与景观进行了拍摄并把路点与照片标注在了谷歌地图上第二次我们徒步行走了大概5英里HTHmidway,途中我们对很多社会的基础设施进行了拍摄与标注我认为这个学习的方式非常好从项目设计实地考察再学习再实地考察团队合作补充完善完成项目这样的学习过程不但打开了学生的眼界了解了人文还增强的实践的操作的过程并且解决了社会的实际问题同时也为自己未来升入大学积攒了材料并且据老师所计划他们3月份还会前往一个国家公园进行露营与学习正像一所大学的校训所说的他们就是通过实践进行学习

在这将近一个月的时间里我初步了解了美国的一些文化亲身体验了美国的授课方式与学习方式相比于中国我认为他们更加注重了学习方法的体验与解决问题的能力其课堂也是对未来有帮助的不只是为了眼前的考试这样的国家确实是我所向往的未来再会

The tiny differences between China andAmerica that I discovered

李浩文

We have been America for nearly 3 weeks. At first I couldn’t adapt thelifestyle here, but after several days, I gradually understood the differencesbetween the two countries in many aspects.

In study, everyday classes begin at 8:40AM, and finish at 3:40PM,obviously the study time at school is less than that of China a lot. Everyclass lasts about 1 hour so that students can focus on the stuff that they arelearning. In a certain period of a semester, every student only has 3-4courses, and every day repeats. Comparing to China, everyday we have to study 9main subjects as well as other English classes. The courses are diverse and theamount of homework everyday is immense correspondently.

In America, most class has a blackboard handwriting and agenda beforethe class in order to demonstrate the content and the plan that the class willlearn about. In the classroom students can eat, drink and even put the legsonto the table when the teacher permits. Students are allowed to come into andgo out of the classroom any time they want. They can even study outside theclassroom, the public area where they can search information and materials inthe public computer. Each computer requires students’ account to access theinternet.

The most technological application is the platform of classes. They usegoogle classroom to hand the homework and also upload some materials ofclasses. In Beijing Academy, there is a platform, but both students andteachers seldom use that, the only usage about the platform is to check thescore or do the assessment. Usually, the materials are uploaded in WeChat, butthe disadvantage is WeChat has too much functions such as mini programs andmoments, and these can distract the students, however, the google classroom canstill keep the students’ attention to the class.

In the daily life, there are also many differences. Almost every driverlet pedestrians to cross the road first. In China, such driver rarely appears.In USA, a driver will consider other drivers’ convenience, for example, whenthere is an exit of parking lot on either side of the road, and in front of theexit there are full of cars, the driver will stop his own car and make thespace between his car and the car in front of his which is enough for the carthat drives out from the exit. This is the small detail I saw one day and itlet me consider a lot. In greeting, people greet each other in a friendly wayby saying “what’s up” or “how are you doing”. They do hi five and also fisttheir bumps. “Please” “thanks” and “you’re welcome” are the common phrases evenpeople are familiar enough with each other. At home, they have different rulesin details which are basically the same. They respect each other and also theirprivacy

At last, there is an interesting thing, when people sneeze, others say“bless you”. This is also about their culture, and it is related to mythsimilar to the ancient China. There are many cultural differences between Chinaand America and the above is just a tiny part of it. Continue seeking thedifferences, and we will find more, and explore more.


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